In current highly competitive, dynamic, and changing business environments, organizations cannot survive just through individual efforts. Establishing the collaborative alliances via association of the various experienced and professional, small, and large organizations and producing the value-added market's need services is one of the effective and efficient solutions for the survival of the modern organizations in these environments. So far, a number of reference models, frameworks, and ad hoc architectures related to some manifestations of inter-organizational collaborations (IOCs) have emerged, also, theoretical discussions clarify various important research issues regarding collaborative networks, however, less research attention has been focused on concrete cases of establishment, operation, and management of IOCs.
The current thesis deals with the inter-organizational process-oriented collaborations topic with two traditional and Cloud viewpoints. We first present a distributed service-oriented reference architecture for IOCs support system that covers both their establishment and management systematically. The proposed reference architecture is derived from the practical experiences of several examined research projects as well as the literature studies and empirical research in the collaborative networks domain. The architecture can serve as a concrete and applicable foundation for analysis, design, operation, and management of inter-organizational collaborations. Along with the reference architecture, the thesis also offers a Scrum-based method supporting the incremental and iterative formation of final collaboration configurations.
Along with technological progress, the inter-organizational collaborations should also be improved. In this regard, in the course of the current research, we first offer a Scrum-based Cloud-oriented solution which attempts to contribute the Cloud computing capabilities in the Creation and Operation phases of an IOC project. In the following, we present a reference architecture for a system deployed on a Cloud provider offering the Creation phase of CNOs life cycle as a service.