Global Village Services Reference Model

Presenting the structure of electronic business processes, and realizing them through the Global Village Services, needs to propose an architectural abstraction as a Reference Model. GVSRM is designed in three architectural abstraction layers; “Infrastructure for Global Village Services”, “Global Village Services Provisioning”, and "Using Global Village Services".


The GVSRM, as the next generation governance framework, based on SOSA ontology is illustrated in a Venn diagram in given figure, to prove the application of the Set Theory, which considered in the UML class diagrams in the presented models. In this Venn diagram, R, G, and O are indicated Resident (Citizen and/or Consumer), Government, and Organization; X*Y indicates X-to-Y Global Village Services (e.g. Resident-to-Resident Global Village Services), and so on.


Meanwhile, GVSRM’s layers, “Infrastructure for Global Village Services”, “Global Village Services Provisioning”, and "Using Global Village Services" are considered, as Entity, Control, and Boundary Classes, subsequently. These mentioned abstract layers are more elaborated in the following section.

Some instantiated E-Services that could be classified are as following image.


The three architectural abstraction layers of GVSRM are; Infrastructure for Global Village Services, Global Village Services Provisioning, and Using Global Village Services, which could be realized just by way of a BPR project to the traditional governance layers.



A Global Village Service is the full-grown and fine-grained repeatable-sharable function encompasses the Grid Resources, which would be realized through a collection of the Global Village Service Actions to satisfy some Global Village Service Actors.


In situation of “Global Village Services”, the business processes and the technology would be changed and reengineered simultaneously. The transforming yield is a set of well-defined Global Village Services. In GVSRM, which is designed based on this situation, an End-to-End Electronic Process aggregates from a set of objects that hierarchically clustered from the combinations of those well-defined Global Village Services.

Related Publications



Global Village Services as the Future of Electronic Services (ISBN: 978-8454-0143-0) Streamlining the Global Village Services instead of E-Governments’, E-Businesses’, and E-Commerce’ Services

GVSEE: a new global model to estimate software services development effort

Development Effort Estimation Metrics Suite for Global Village Service

Improvement of GVSRM with Addressing the Interoperability Issues in Global Village

Decentralized Electronic Process Execution Framework in Global Village Services Reference Model

A federated approach for Global village services interaction

Electronic Services, the Only Way to Realize the Global Village

The Challenges of Global Village Software Engineering

An e-services reference model to streamline the Global Village Grid

Streamlining the Global Village Grid Services

Streamlining the global village grid through unifying E-Governments, E-Businesses, and E-Commerce services

A Novel Model to Estimate Software Services Development Effort Based on the Global Village Service Reference Model

A Reference Architecture to Realize Interoperability in Global Village Service Reference Model (GVSRM)

An alignment between the cloud computing service delivery model and Global Village Service Reference Model (GVSRM)




IBM SSME, arranged a conference call "Education for 21th Century" and captured and organized 74 papers into four main categories: existing courses and curricula related to service, planned or potential courses and curricula related service, current research in service, and planned or potential research in service. Many papers encompass two or more categories. Many activities are very diverse, often using established methods. Most continue to focus on productivity and efficiency. Several mention that new methods are needed. Some have outlined approaches and questions, and others are just beginning to think about these, looking for frameworks to use and considering creating models and tools. Many suggest the need to broaden focus to include management and social sciences.
The consensus seems to be that integrated research will improve the usefulness of results and immediate practical application. Leveraging E-Government and E-Business Services through ISRUP E-Service Framework by Seyyed Mohsen Hashemi is one of the accepted topics which discusses the role of government in e-Commerce. The ISRUP E-Service Framework is derived from Zachman enterprise architecture framework and IBM Rational software development process.