Global Village Services Reference Model

From viewpoint of the software engineering, I am working on a reference model to make the balance of Who and What we all care about.

What are E-Services at the Global Village?
Who are E-Service Actors at the Global Village?
What are Relations In between E-Services and E-Service Actors at the Global Village?
Is the Global Village Computing as the next generation of Computing Model?

These are the questions that I have been looking for their answers since 2000. I have been collecting all the answers to a reference model called Global Village Service Reference Model (GVSRM). GVSRM is being developed to decrease the ratio of the accrued errors and bad consequences of the implementation of some electronic services (especially in Health, Financial, and Security Services), and also to decrease the total cost of the development of software e-services entirely at the Global Village.

Presenting the structure of electronic business processes, and realizing them through the Global Village Services, needs to propose an architectural abstraction as a Reference Model. GVSRM is designed in three architectural abstraction layers; “Infrastructure for Global Village Services”, “Global Village Services Provisioning”, and "Using Global Village Services".


The GVSRM, as the next generation governance framework, based on SOSA ontology is illustrated in a Venn diagram in given figure, to prove the application of the Set Theory, which considered in the UML class diagrams in the presented models. In this Venn diagram, R, G, and O are indicated Resident (Citizen and/or Consumer), Government, and Organization; X*Y indicates X-to-Y Global Village Services (e.g. Resident-to-Resident Global Village Services), and so on.



Related Research:

1-PhD thesis, 2009, Seyyed Mohsen Hashemim ‘Streamlining the Global Village Grid through Unifying E-Governments , E-Businesses and  E-Commerce Services'


2-Book in amazon, 2011, Global Village Services as the Future of Electronic Services (ISBN: 978-8454-0143-0)


There is no a reference model, which could be used to develop and unify E-Commerce, E-Business, and E-Government services as the software artifacts. This book suggests a reference model that called Global Village Services Reference Model (GVSRM) to realize the Global Village Grid as an E-Services Framework.Thus, GVSRM could be referenced as the baseline of any kind of software engineering efforts pertaining to the E-Services, Globalization, and the Grid Computing concepts. Furthermore, some Grid-based entities, actors, actions, and their associations, which defined and elaborated in detail in GVSRM, would realize E-Government, E-Business, and E-Commerce systems. This book presents the AS-IS Models of Grid Computing, E-Commerce, E-Business, and E-Government software-intensive systems before presenting a TO-BE reference model (Global Village Services Reference Model) as a holistic and comprehensive, UML-based, XML-based, Grid-centric, X2Y-centric, Service-centric, and collaborative-centric consolidated reference model to realize pragmatically the Globalization as an E-Services framework in the cyberspace.


3-MSc thesis, 2013, M.Asgari, 'An alignment between the cloud computing service delivery model and Global village service reference model'


4-PhD thesis, 2015, Amid Khatibi, 'A Novel Model to Estimate Software Services Development Effort Based on the Global Village Service Reference Model'


Nowadays software services have contributed to a major part of the information technology. One of the most important aspects of service development is the time and cost estimation of its delivery which is generally known as development effort. Service development effort estimation is directly related to the failure or success of the whole project. The non-normality of services, high diversity, intangibility and weakness of current standards are among the barriers with which the present effort estimation models are faced. It appears that the main disadvantage of the previous studies was to consider the nature of software services to be similar to other products. In fact, the specific features of each service were not taken into account in previous studies. Using the current models, the accurate development effort estimation is not possible in global places (including different software services). In this regard, the aim of this study was to introduce a global model with the slogan “Think globally, act locally.” The main idea of the proposed hybrid model was based on global village service reference model (GVSRM). The previous estimation methods were used to form this model. The background to such model was to design three other independent effort estimation models. The main goals, which should be pursued in these three models, include service features weighting, integrating previous models, and considering the particular nature of each service. Relying on the first three proposed models, the final and global model will be designed. The mindset behind this model includes reducing inconsistency, non-normality, and heterogeneity among different software services. After introducing the novel model completely, two real datasets and two artificial datasets were used to evaluate its performance. The results indicated the higher accuracy, better training, and higher speed of the proposed model.


5-PhD thesis, 2018, M.Molla Hossein Ardakani, A Reference Architecture to Realize Interoperability in Global Village Service Reference Model (GVSRM)


In current highly competitive, dynamic, and changing business environments, organizations cannot survive just through individual efforts. Establishing the collaborative alliances via association of the various experienced and professional, small, and large organizations and producing the value-added market's need services is one of the effective and efficient solutions for the survival of the modern organizations in these environments. So far, a number of reference models, frameworks, and ad hoc architectures related to some manifestations of inter-organizational collaborations (IOCs) have emerged, also, theoretical discussions clarify various important research issues regarding collaborative networks, however, less research attention has been focused on concrete cases of establishment, operation, and management of IOCs. The current thesis deals with the inter-organizational process-oriented collaborations topic with two traditional and Cloud viewpoints. We first present a distributed service-oriented reference architecture for IOCs support system that covers both their establishment and management systematically. The proposed reference architecture is derived from the practical experiences of several examined research projects as well as the literature studies and empirical research in the collaborative networks domain. The architecture can serve as a concrete and applicable foundation for analysis, design, operation, and management of inter-organizational collaborations. Along with the reference architecture, the thesis also offers a Scrum-based method supporting the incremental and iterative formation of final collaboration configurations. Along with technological progress, the inter-organizational collaborations should also be improved. In this regard, in the course of the current research, we first offer a Scrum-based Cloud-oriented solution which attempts to contribute the Cloud computing capabilities in the Creation and Operation phases of an IOC project. In the following, we present a reference architecture for a system deployed on a Cloud provider offering the Creation phase of CNOs life cycle as a service.





IBM SSME, arranged a conference call "Education for 21th Century" and captured and organized 74 papers into four main categories: existing courses and curricula related to service, planned or potential courses and curricula related service, current research in service, and planned or potential research in service. Many papers encompass two or more categories. Many activities are very diverse, often using established methods. Most continue to focus on productivity and efficiency. Several mention that new methods are needed. Some have outlined approaches and questions, and others are just beginning to think about these, looking for frameworks to use and considering creating models and tools. Many suggest the need to broaden focus to include management and social sciences.
The consensus seems to be that integrated research will improve the usefulness of results and immediate practical application. Leveraging E-Government and E-Business Services through ISRUP E-Service Framework by Seyyed Mohsen Hashemi is one of the accepted topics which discusses the role of government in e-Commerce. The ISRUP E-Service Framework is derived from Zachman enterprise architecture framework and IBM Rational software development process.